William Mckinley



Number President 25th President
Terms Served 1 Term Served
Dates Served 1897-1901
Party Republican
State Represented Ohio
Married to / First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley
Born January 29, 1843 in Niles, Ohio
Died September 14, 1901 after being shot in Buffalo, New York
Age William McKinly would be 165 years old this year


In the republican convention of 1896, a wealthy businessman from Cleveland, Marcus Alonzo Hanna made sure that one of his good friends, William McKinley was nominated for the coming presidential elections. McKinley was projected as the “advance agent of prosperity” during the time of depression.
The Democrats on the other hand were advocating “free and unlimited coinage of both silver and gold” and William Jennings Bryan was nominated as their candidate. The propaganda would have inflated the currency mildly and was not a strong one.

On one side Hanna used huge amounts of money coming from the eastern Republicans who were scared by Bryan’s ideas on silver. And on the other side, McKinley used the front porch approach and met delegation at his front porch in Ohio. The result, McKinley won by a margin, largest since 1872.
McKinley was born in 1843, in Niles, Ohio. He attended Allegheny College for a short period of time and when the Civil War started, was teaching in a country school. In the war, he enlisted himself as a private in the Union Army. He read law and opened a private office place in Canton, Ohio. It was during this time that he married Ida Saxton who was the daughter of a local banker.

McKinley won a seat in the Congress at the age of thirty four. His personal traits like quick intelligence, exemplary character, together with his attractive personality helped him to rise quickly in his position. He was appointed as a member of the powerful Ways and Means Committee.
McKinley became an important Republican expert of tariff during the 14 years he spent in the House. He also gave his name to the measure that was endorsed in 1890.  A year later, in 1891, he was elected as the Governor of Ohio and served the office for 2 terms.

McKinley was elected president in 1893 and depression had almost done its damage by then. He called a special session of Congress and enacted a tariff plan that was the highest in the history. In the congenial atmosphere that McKinley created, industries grew at a pace never been touched before. 
The idea of foreign policies dominated the administration style of McKinley. When the newspaper reported a stalemate amid the revolutionary forces in Cuba and the Spanish forces, and around one fourth of the population were dead and others suffering greatly, the American people demanded war indignantly. The public pressure and the inability to restrain the Congress on this matter forced McKinley to intervene the matters in April 1898. The Congress voted on a declaration of war for independence and liberation of Cuba.

The war went on for 100 days and the United States Army and Fleet destroyed the complete Spanish fleer at the Santiago harbor, seized Manila and occupied Puerto Rico.

In the 1900 elections, McKinley campaigned against Bryan once again. He was elected for the second term, although it ended in a tragic incident in September 1901 when he was standing at the Buffalo Pan-American Exposition in a receiving line and an anarchist shot him. He died in the hospital after eight days.




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