Dwight D. Eisenhower



Number President 34th President
Terms Served 2 Terms Served
Dates Served 1953-1961
Party Republican
State Represented New York
Married to / First Lady Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower
Born October 14, 1890 in Denison, Texas
Died March 28, 1969 in Washington D.C
Age Dwight D. Eisenhower would be 119 years old this year


He was the first Texas born, the 34th President of the United States of America. His birth place was in Dennison, Texas, but he spent his early years in Alibene, Kansas. He had six brothers and was the third amongst them. His schooling was completed at Alibene High School in 1909. In the year 1911, on Kansas Senator Joseph L. Bristow’s strong recommendation, he was enrolled in the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. In 1912 he was felicitated by the sports reporter of New York Herald for his pronounced sportsmanship. After his graduation from West Point, he was associated with the Infantry and specialized in Tank warfare. He served under eminent Generals, John J. Pershing, Douglas McArthur, and Walter Krueger. Under their tutelage his military thinking, acumen and diplomatic abilities sharpened.

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, he was assigned the responsibility of drawing major war plans against Japan and Germany. In mid June 1942 he was appointed Assistant Chief of Staff under General George C. Marshall. Shortly afterwards he was the Commanding Officer and was given full charge of the European Theatre and North Africa. He rose to become the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force and was responsible for Allied assaults on Norway, Normandy and Germany and liberation of Western Europe. His wartime negotiation with World War II legendary figures including Soviet Marshall Zhukov and Stalin was lauded by President Roosevelt. Between 1945-48, he served as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and in December 1950 he became Supreme Commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). His book, “Crusade of Europe”, is still prized as one of the best military memoirs.

He served as the President of Columbia University between 1948–53. In the year 1952, he retired from active service and entered politics after being persuaded by the Republican Party to contest the Presidential election. General Eisenhower’s main political plank was to retain a strong NATO, U.S. Military presence abroad and a corrupt-free frugal administration at home. His landslide victory over Democrat Adlai Stevenson in the 1953 U.S. Presidential election marked the return of the Republican Party to the White House after 20 years. He was the only General to serve as the U.S. President in the 20th Century. As the U.S. President, he oversaw the cease fire of the Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, made nuclear weapons a high defense priority, launched the space race, strengthened the military industrial complex, enlarged the Social Security program and began the Interstate Highway System. One of his most striking achievement as the President was signing the Interstate Highway System Bill in 1956. His objective in creating improved highways was based on his impressive experience with German Autobahn during World War II. His Social Security program is still in operation and he clubbed them under Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

In 1957 during his 2nd tenure as the U.S. President, he proclaimed the Eisenhower Doctrine and became the protector of all Western interests in the Middle East. He sent a temporary non-combat Peace Mission to Lebanon to stabilize the pro-West government. He was in total favor of dynamic conservatism and pursued the policy of “Moderate Republicanism”. He strongly supported and initiated school integration. He proposed Civil Rights Acts and passed them as laws and these constituted first Civil Rights Acts since 1870. Also during this period, Alaska and Hawaii were converted to American States.
In 1961 during his last speech as President, he raised the issue of Cold War and the role of U.S. Armed Forces in defense and liberty purposes in the homeland and abroad. His reputation as a non-partisan individual, his war time leadership qualities and his strategic handling of complicated situations in the U.S. and abroad has merited him the 10th rank amongst the U.S. Presidents.




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