George Washington America’s revolutionary commander in chief, and the first president of USA (1789-1797), was born on Feb. 22, 1732 at Bridges Creek, later known as Wakefield in the Westmoreland Country, Va.George Washington (often spelt as Gorge Wasington) was born in a wealthy family and had a private education. Though he didn’t have any formal schooling, his early notebook suggest that he read military history, geography, agriculture, composition and also had some aptitude towards surveying and mathematics.His father Augustine Washington died when George was only eleven. Washington was appointed the official surveyor for Culpeper Co., in 1749. In 1752, Washington inherited the property of his half brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon, after his death. His experience in the frontier helped for his appointment as major in the Virginia militia, in December1752 at the age of 20.
Washington figured a very important role in the struggles preceding the outbreak of French and Indian wars in America. Commissioned as lieutenant colonel by Gov. Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, Washington sent about 400 men to reinforce the post built at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, as per order of Dinwiddie. The post however was captured by French before he could reach it. Learning that French were approaching, Washington came back to the Great Meadows and built an entrenched camp named Fort Necessity.After suffering a defeat in the hands of Washington, the French cam back strongly and overwhelmed Washington at Fort Necessity on July 3, 1754. After surrendering, Washington departed to Virginia with remnants of his company.
Washington narrowly escaped death, while fighting gallantly as an aide to Edward Braddock, against French force at Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was appointed commander in chief of the Virginia militia to defend the frontier, after this debacle. He resigned his commission in 1758, after his election to the Virginia House of Burgesses (1759–74). Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a rich young widow with a large estate in 1759. This made him one of the wealthiest men in Virginia.
After the American Revolution broke out at Concord and Lexington, Washington was named (June 15, 1775) commander in chief of the Continental forces. He made a brilliant strategic move to occupy Dorchester Heights, and forced the British to evacuate Boston on Mar. 17, 1776. Part of his success can be attributed to his innovative hit and run tactics of guerilla warfare which foiled British armies who were used to close line-formation of warfare. His victory over the British at Yorktown in 1781 practically ended the war. He retired from the army in1783 and returned to Mount Vernon.
Washington maintained his presence in the controversy over the country's future. He along with other nationalists from Virginia was instrumental to bring about the Constitutional Convention of 1787 in Philadelphia. His attendance in the Constitutional Convention and support for the ratification of the constitution were important for its success in the state conventions in 1787 and 1788. On February4, 1789 George Washing was unanimously elected the first president of USA by all 69 presidential electors.
A natural leader, Washington had great difficulty in coping with an unruly new government. Eager to establish the new national executive above partisanship, he chose men from all factions for the administrative departments. He was re-elected as president in 1793.
In 1796, Washington announced his inability to run again and retired from his offices next year. When war with France seemed imminent (1798), he was offered command of the army. However, the war was averted. He died on Dec. 14, 1799, and was buried on his estate. The death of George Washington was mourned all over the world.