Grover Cleavland



Number President 22nd President and 24th President (Only president to serve two non consecutive terms.)
Terms Served 2 Term Served
Dates Served 1885-1889 and 1893-1897
Party Democrat
State Represented New York
Married to / First Lady Frances Folsom Cleveland
Born March 18, 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey
Died June 24, 1908 in his home in Princeton, New Jersey
Age Grover Cleavland would be 171 years old this year


Grover Cleveland was the first member of the Democrat Party to be elected as the President after the Civil War. He was the only president in the history of American politics to leave White House and return back as President for a second term after a gap of four years. Cleveland was born in 1837, in New Jersey. His father, Richard Falley Cleveland, was a Presbyterian minister and he was one of the nine children in the family. Cleveland spent most of his childhood in upstate New York. He was noted as a good lawyer and for his high-powered focus and concentration on any task that he had to do.

At the age of Forty Four, he became a prominent figure in American politics and was elected President in just three years of his political presence. In 1881, he was elected as the Mayor of Buffalo and soon, the Governor of New York.
With the joint support from the reform Republicans and the Democrats, Cleveland won the elections without any problems. The reform Republicans supported Cleveland as they were against the other candidates.
Cleveland was a bachelor when he became president and was not too comfortable with the White House at first. He wrote to a friend of his, “I must go to dinner, but I wish it was to eat a pickled herring, a Swiss cheese and a chop at Louis' instead of the French stuff I shall find.” Cleveland was the only President to be married in the White House when he married Frances Folsom in June 1886.

Cleveland was strictly against any favoritism and powerfully pursued policies that barred any kind of special favors to any form of economic groups. He vetoed a bill that was to distribute seed grain worth ten thousand dollars among farmers in drought-stricken Texas. He wrote, “Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care on the part of the Government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character. . . ."

He vetoed a number of private pension bills for Fraud Civil War veterans. Congress passed a bill under pressure from the Grand Army of the Republic, which granted pensions in case of non-military disabilities too. Cleveland vetoed this too.
Cleveland ordered a full scale investigation of the western lands, that the railroads held through government grants and forced them to give back a whooping 81 million acres of land. He also passed the first law that attempted Federal regulation of railroads by signing the Interstate Commerce Act. A few months before the next elections, Cleveland called on Congress in order to decrease the high protective tariffs. He was told that he was giving the Republicans a good enough issue for the election campaign. However, he retorted on it saying, “What is the use of being elected or re-elected unless you stand for something?" Cleveland lost the next elections; although a majority of popular votes were won by him.

Cleveland was elected back in 1892. However, this term was not popular for him like the previous one. Nevertheless, He handled the railroad strikers in Chicago in a very forceful way and vigorously forced Great Britain to agree to arbitration on a disputed boundary issue. But the policies used by Cleveland to handle depression made him unpopular.
His party deserted him and he left the White House after the end of the term. Cleveland retired to Princeton after that and died in 1908.




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